Posted 5 minutes ago

seedy:

"she’s just playing hard to get" 

have u ever considered that maybe she just isnt interested ???¿¿¿

Posted 28 minutes ago
thisandthathistoryblog:

hjuliana:

dancingspirals:

ironychan:

hungrylikethewolfie:

dduane:


A loaf of bread made in the first century AD, which was discovered at Pompeii, preserved for centuries in the volcanic ashes of Mount Vesuvius. The markings visible on the top are made from a Roman bread stamp, which bakeries were required to use in order to mark the source of the loaves, and to prevent fraud. (via Ridiculously Interesting)

(sigh) I’ve seen these before, but this one’s particularly beautiful.

I feel like I’m supposed to be marveling over the fact that this is a loaf of bread that’s been preserved for thousands of years, and don’t get me wrong, that’s hella cool.  But honestly, I’m mostly struck by the unexpected news that “bread fraud” was apparently once a serious concern.

Bread Fraud was a huge thing,  Bread was provided to the Roman people by the government - bakers were given grain to make the free bread, but some of them stole the government grain to use in other baked goods and would add various substitutes, like sawdust or even worse things, to the bread instead.  So if people complained that their free bread was not proper bread, the stamp told them exactly whose bakery they ought to burn down.

Bread stamps continued to be used at least until the Medieval period in Europe. Any commercially sold bread had to be stamped with an official seal to identify the baker to show that it complied with all rules and regulations about size, price, and quality. This way, rotten or undersized loaves could be traced back to the baker. Bakers could be pilloried, sent down the streets in a hurdle cart with the offending loaf tied around their neck, fined, or forbidden to engage in baking commercially ever again in that city. There are records of a baker in London being sent on a hurdle cart because he used an iron rod to increase the weight of his loaves, and another who wrapped rotten dough with fresh who was pilloried. Any baker hurdled three times had to move to a new city if they wanted to continue baking.
If you have made bread, you are probably familiar with a molding board. It’s a flat board used to shape the bread. Clever fraudsters came up with a molding board that had a little hole drilled into it that wasn’t easily noticed. A customer would buy his dough by weight, and then the baker would force some of that dough through the hole, so they could sell and underweight loaf and use the stolen dough to bake new loafs to sell. Molding boards ended up being banned in London after nine different bakers were caught doing this. There were also instances of grain sellers withholding grain to create an artificial scarcity drive up the price of that, and things like bread.
Bread, being one of the main things that literally everyone ate in many parts of the world, ended up with a plethora of rules and regulations. Bakers were probably no more likely to commit fraud than anyone else, but there were so many of them, that we ended up with lots and lots of rules and records of people being shifty.
Check out Fabulous Feasts: Medieval Cookery and Ceremony by Madeleine Pelner Cosman for a whole chapter on food laws as they existed in about 1400. Plus the color plates are fantastic.

ALL OF THIS IS SO COOL

I found something too awesome not share with you! 
I’m completely fascinated by the history of food, could I choose a similar topic for my Third Year Dissertation? Who knows, but it is very interesting all the same!

thisandthathistoryblog:

hjuliana:

dancingspirals:

ironychan:

hungrylikethewolfie:

dduane:

A loaf of bread made in the first century AD, which was discovered at Pompeii, preserved for centuries in the volcanic ashes of Mount Vesuvius. The markings visible on the top are made from a Roman bread stamp, which bakeries were required to use in order to mark the source of the loaves, and to prevent fraud. (via Ridiculously Interesting)

(sigh) I’ve seen these before, but this one’s particularly beautiful.

I feel like I’m supposed to be marveling over the fact that this is a loaf of bread that’s been preserved for thousands of years, and don’t get me wrong, that’s hella cool.  But honestly, I’m mostly struck by the unexpected news that “bread fraud” was apparently once a serious concern.

Bread Fraud was a huge thing,  Bread was provided to the Roman people by the government - bakers were given grain to make the free bread, but some of them stole the government grain to use in other baked goods and would add various substitutes, like sawdust or even worse things, to the bread instead.  So if people complained that their free bread was not proper bread, the stamp told them exactly whose bakery they ought to burn down.

Bread stamps continued to be used at least until the Medieval period in Europe. Any commercially sold bread had to be stamped with an official seal to identify the baker to show that it complied with all rules and regulations about size, price, and quality. This way, rotten or undersized loaves could be traced back to the baker. Bakers could be pilloried, sent down the streets in a hurdle cart with the offending loaf tied around their neck, fined, or forbidden to engage in baking commercially ever again in that city. There are records of a baker in London being sent on a hurdle cart because he used an iron rod to increase the weight of his loaves, and another who wrapped rotten dough with fresh who was pilloried. Any baker hurdled three times had to move to a new city if they wanted to continue baking.

If you have made bread, you are probably familiar with a molding board. It’s a flat board used to shape the bread. Clever fraudsters came up with a molding board that had a little hole drilled into it that wasn’t easily noticed. A customer would buy his dough by weight, and then the baker would force some of that dough through the hole, so they could sell and underweight loaf and use the stolen dough to bake new loafs to sell. Molding boards ended up being banned in London after nine different bakers were caught doing this. There were also instances of grain sellers withholding grain to create an artificial scarcity drive up the price of that, and things like bread.

Bread, being one of the main things that literally everyone ate in many parts of the world, ended up with a plethora of rules and regulations. Bakers were probably no more likely to commit fraud than anyone else, but there were so many of them, that we ended up with lots and lots of rules and records of people being shifty.

Check out Fabulous Feasts: Medieval Cookery and Ceremony by Madeleine Pelner Cosman for a whole chapter on food laws as they existed in about 1400. Plus the color plates are fantastic.

ALL OF THIS IS SO COOL

I found something too awesome not share with you! 

I’m completely fascinated by the history of food, could I choose a similar topic for my Third Year Dissertation? Who knows, but it is very interesting all the same!

(Source: wine-loving-vagabond)

Posted 28 minutes ago

combatbear:

history1970s:

nightmareloki:

not-a-comedian:

this aint duck season

IH MY GOD I AM SOBBING

omg

OMGGG

Posted 46 minutes ago
Posted 46 minutes ago

petitpanda:

duckymonstah:

shizuo-and-izayas-kismesistude:

postmortemtsarina:

alexandraplumpkin:

randomzodiac:

cinnamonmuffins:

kuvera:

poke-problems:

WHAT’S MY GRANDSON’S NAME

ARE THEY A BOY OR A GIRL

PLEASE DO HELP ME

WHY MUST MY HAIR BE GREY

WHICH START POKEMON ARE THEY GOING TO CHOOSE 

WHY ARE YOU TRYING TO USE YOUR BIKE INDOORS

WHY WOULD YOU FISH ON GRASS

HOW DO I KNOW YOU’RE GOING TO USE SOMETHING YOU’RE NOT SUPPOSED TO BE USING 

WHY CAN’T THE POKEMART JUST DELIVER THE POKEDEXES TO MY LAB?

WHY DID I CONGRATULATE THE NEW KID ON BEATING THE ELITE 4 AND CHAMPION MORE THAN MY OWN GRANDSON?

WHY DO I KEEP IN TOUCH WITH HIM SO OFTEN?

WHY DO I NEVER DRAW ILLUSTRATIONS ANY MORE? I WAS REALLY GOOD AT THAT.

OH GOD I JUST REMEMBERED THAT ASH WENT BACK IN TIME AND MET ME WHEN I WAS A CHILD SO IT’S HIGHLY PROBABLE THAT ALL MODERN CREATIONS IN POKEMON DATA COLLECTION ARE BASED OFF OF DESIGNS FROM THE FUTURE THAT ASH BROUGHT BACK WITH HIM TO THE PAST WHICH I THEN IMPLEMENTED AND DESIGNED IN THE FUTURE, NOT TO MENTION THE OBVIOUS IMPLICATIONS OF ME MEETING ASH FOR THE FIRST TIME IN THE PAST AND THEN STARTING HIM ON HIS QUEST TO BECOME A POKEMON MASTER WHICH LEAD TO HIM GOING BACK INTO THE PAST TO EVEN MAKE ANY OF THIS POSSIBLE

HOW DO YOU EVEN CATCH 30 GOD DAMN TAUROS AND WHY WOULD YOU LEAVE THEM AT MY HOUSE YOU ASSHOLE?!

Posted 47 minutes ago
Posted 48 minutes ago

Reasons why im a bad friend:

• i get too attached

• i will complain about all my problems to you

i will snap at you by accident one day, causing you to hate me

i need to be reassured periodically CONSTANTLY that you dont think im annoying

• i am annoying

• im boring

• i dont know how to keep the conversation going

• i get emotional after midnight and will probably tell you something that could make you think differently of me

(Source: clamjob)

Posted 1 hour ago

fat-birds:

weloveshortvideos:

Cute

I’M SCREAMING

Posted 2 hours ago
biomorphosis:

Arctic foxes change the color of their fur with the seasons. In winter they are White to blend in with the snow, while in the summer they change to brown!

biomorphosis:

Arctic foxes change the color of their fur with the seasons. In winter they are White to blend in with the snow, while in the summer they change to brown!

Posted 2 hours ago

iheartchokatos:

itsafangirlsworld:

Gives me hope

why doesnt this have more notes